Expectorated sputum valid for PCP diagnostic testing in HIV and TB patients

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Pneumocystis jirovecii causes Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) infections with an estimated 200,000-400,000 cases worldwide annually. The disease particularly affects patients with HIV/AIDS, undergoing transplants or with tuberculosis. The current gold standard for PCP diagnostics requires either bronchoscopy or induced sputum, both of which carry potentially serious medical consequences as the procedure involves the use of bronchodilators…. Read more »